Saint Louis Encephalitis Virus Lysate
Saint Louis Encephalitis virus (SLEV) lysate has been manufactured to provide a consistent source of Saint Louis Encephalitis virus antigens. This material has been produced by culturing SLEV in the Vero cell line. The SLEV lysate is supplied purified and heat inactivated. This product is suitable for use in a broad range of applications including immunoassay research and development.
Saint Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) is an enveloped, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA virus that belongs to the genus Flavivirus. It is a member of the Japanese encephalitis sero-complex of the family Flaviviridae, which also includes Japanese encephalitis virus, West Nile virus and Murray Valley encephalitis virus.
In nature, SLEV is maintained in a cycle between mosquitoes of the Culex species and wild birds. Mosquito vectors can also transmit SLEV to humans and domestic animals, which act as dead-end hosts for the virus. SLEV is geographically widespread from Canada to South America, with most reported cases of human SLEV infection occurring in North America (Diaz, A).
In humans, SLEV infection causes the neuro-invasive disease known as St. Louis Encephalitis (SLE) but most cases are clinically asymptomatic and remain undiagnosed. A small percentage of patients present with symptoms of disease including headache, fever, nausea and general malaise. Some individuals recover but in rare cases, patients may further develop neurological complications including aseptic meningitis, encephalitis and coma, which can lead to death. Severity of disease and mortality due to SLEV infection is reported to increase with age, with approximately 90% of geriatric patients developing encephalitis (CDC).
Currently, no antiviral therapy or licensed vaccine is available for the treatment and prevention of SLEV infection. Owing to the difficulty of isolating SLE from clinical samples, diagnosis of SLEV infection is commonly performed using serological methods to detect SLEV specific antibodies in serum and cerebrospinal fluid.
Diaz, A. et. al. (2018). Reemergence of St. Louis Encephalitis Virus in the Americas. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 24(12), 2150-2157.
Centers of Disease Control and Prevention: St Louis Encephalitis