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The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) meet regularly to ensure the taxonomy of viruses is kept logical and up-to-date in the face of an ever-increasing number of new viruses and genome sequences; discussed in here in Nature. This sometimes results in the renaming of a recently discovered virus as more becomes known about it and its origins (Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus has now become Huaiyangshan banyangvirus). Changes to the species name of viruses that are well known and highly referred to in both academia and industry have also occurred, such as Cytomegalovirus becoming human betaherpesvirus 5. Use of the common name is still approved by ICTV, but the recommendation is to include accurate family, genus and species names to avoid confusion.

We’ve listed some of the major changes below, and will reference the new species names throughout our literature in due course.  In the meantime, it will be interesting to see if any of the new names become commonly used, and which ones gain little or no day to day use.


Commonly Known as…

Renamed to…


Mamastrovirus 1


Human betaherpesvirus 5

Epstein–Barr virus

Human gammaherpesvirus 4

Hepatitis C virus

Hepacivirus C

Hepatitis E virus

Orthohepevirus A

Herpes Simplex Virus 1

Human alphaherpesvirus 1

Herpes Simplex Virus 2

Human alphaherpesvirus 2

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus

Primate T-lymphotropic virus

Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus

Human gammaherpesvirus 8

Parvovirus B19

Primate erythroparvovirus 1

Respiratory syncytial virus

Human orthopneumovirus


Human betaherpesvirus 6&7

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus

Huaiyangshan banyangvirus

Toscana virus

Sandfly fever Naples virus

Varicella Zoster Virus

Human alphaherpesvirus 3

Vesicular Stomatitis Virus

Indiana vesiculovirus

Human papilloma virus 16

Alphapapillomavirus 9

Human papilloma virus 18

Alphapapillomavirus 7