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Hepatitis B Virus Core Antigen (HBcAg)

$496.00$1,488.00 excl. VAT

Recombinant Hepatitis B virus Core protein (HBcAg), produced in E. coli.

HEPATITIS B VIRUS CORE ANTIGEN

Recombinantly produced Hepatitis B Virus core antigen (HBcAg). This core protein fragment represents part of the infectious virions inner core particle, which encloses the viral genome.

 

PRODUCT DETAILS – HEPATITIS B VIRUS CORE ANTIGEN

  • Recombinant Hepatitis B virus Core protein produced in E. coli.
  • Comprises HBV Core immunodominant region.
  • Available in liquid format and buffered in 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0, 50 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 50% glycerol.
  • Greater than 90% purity by SDS-PAGE.
  • Immunoreactive with serum of HBV infected individuals.

 

BACKGROUND

HBV is an enveloped DNA virus with a 3.2-kb covalently closed circular DNA, which replicates within the nucleus of infected hepatocytes (Seeger & Mason, 2015). Four genes are present on the virus genome; pre-core/core, polymerase (P), envelope (pre-S1/pre-S2/S) and X. The pre-core/core gene is responsible for expression of core protein as well as hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), a serological marker of HBV infection correlating with high viral load.

The 5′ end of pre-S1, pre-S2 and S regions all have independent start codons which can each generate three co-terminal envelope proteins called large (L; pre-S1 pre-S2 S), middle (M; pre-S2 S), and small (S; with S domain alone) envelope proteins. The S protein is the most abundant envelope protein expressed and can be secreted independently of L and M envelope proteins. After secretion, mature HBeAg is deleted at residue 149 C-terminally and retains 10 pre-core residues N-terminally. Both L and S envelope proteins are needed for virion secretion, while M protein is dispensable (Bruss & Ganem, 1991; Ueda et al., 1991).

Core particles with mature (double stranded DNA) genome can be enveloped and released as 42-nm virions, with the three envelope proteins inserted on the surface. Empty viral particles (22-nm) are also abundantly produced (Bruss & Ganem, 1991; Ganem & Prince, 2004; Zhang & Tang, 2017). HBcAg is one of the three major clinical antigens of hepatitis B virus but disappears early in the course of infection.  It is a highly immunogenic subviral particle comprising 180 or 240 copies of the core protein and functions as both a T-cell-dependent and a T-cell-independent antigen.

Certificate of Analysis
Safety datasheet

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